United Nations (UN)

Reference work entry
Part of the The Statesman's Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Origin and Aims. The United Nations is an association of states, or intergovernmental organizations, pledged to maintain international peace and security and to co-operate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems. The name ‘United Nations’ was devised by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 Jan. 1942, during the Second World War, when 26 nations pledged to continue fighting the Axis Powers.

The United Nations Charter was drawn up by the representatives of 50 countries at the United Nations Conference on International Organization, which met in San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. Delegates started with proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington, D.C.) from 21 Aug. to 28 Sept. 1944. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland,...

Further Reading

  1. Baehr, Peter R. and Gordenker, Leon, The United Nations: Reality and Ideal. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Binder, Martin, The United Nations and the Politics of Selective Humanitarian Intervention. 2017Google Scholar
  3. Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Preventing Deadly Conflict: Final Report with Executive Summary. 1997Google Scholar
  4. Cortright, D. and Lopez, G. A., The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. 2000Google Scholar
  5. Fraser, Trudy, Maintaining Peace and Security?: The United Nations in a Changing World. 2014Google Scholar
  6. Gareis, S. B., The United Nations: An Introduction. 2nd ed. 2012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Karlsrud, John, The UN at War: Peace Operations in a New Era. 2017Google Scholar
  8. Kennedy, Paul, The Parliament of Man: The Past, Present, and Future of the United Nations. 2006Google Scholar
  9. Knight, W. Andy, Adapting the United Nations to a Postmodern Era. 2nd ed. 2005Google Scholar
  10. Meisler, S., United Nations: The First Fifty Years. 1998Google Scholar
  11. New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, United Nations Handbook 2017–18. 2017Google Scholar
  12. Price, Richard and Zacher, Mark W., United Nations and Global Security. 2004Google Scholar
  13. Tannam, Etain, International Intervention in Ethnic Conflict: A Comparison of the European Union and the United Nations. 2014Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019

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