Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Sports

  • Shaul P. Ladany
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_983

The history of the applications of quantitative methods and systems analysis to sports events is very much the history of systems analysis and its applications to many fields of human endeavor. For a thorough review of all the sports applications up to 1976, see Ladany and Machol (1977), while for the second half of the same two-pronged effort which culminated in invited research articles of the mid 1970s, see Machol, Ladany and Morrison (1976). A further review, incorporating most of the more recent applications, can be found in Gerchak (1994).

The first studies of sports were purely descriptive; the earliest such technical articles, on cricket, by Elderton (1909, 1927, 1945) and Wood (1941, 1945), are described in Pollard (1977). The application of sophisticated statistical analysis started with Mosteller (1952), who estimated the probability that the better team wins in the World Series competition. The next stage was Mottley's (1954)suggestion that operations research could be...

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaul P. Ladany
    • 1
  1. 1.Ben-Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael