Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Reasoning

  • Saul I. Gass
  • Carl M. Harris
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_862

A problem-solving process. Two paradigms are logical and analogical reasoning. Logical reasoning includes deductive and inductive. Deductive reasoning is arriving at a conclusion from premises and rules of inference. Inductive reasoning is forming a general conclusion that explains multiple observations. Analogical reasoning uses analogy of a current situation to familiar ones from previous experiences. One paradigm for analogical reasoning is a neural network. Artificial intelligence; Expert systems; Neural networks.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saul I. Gass
    • 1
  • Carl M. Harris
    • 2
  1. 1.Robert H. Smith School of BusinessUniversity of MarylandCollege PartUSA
  2. 2.School of Information Technology & EngineeringGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA