Facilities layout
Reference work entry
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_326
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In both manufacturing and service operations, the relative location of facilities is a critical decision affecting costs and efficiency of operations. The facility layout problem (FLP) deals with the design of layouts wherein a given number of discrete entities are to be located in a given space. The definitions of entities and spaces can vary considerably, making solution techniques applicable in a wide variety of settings, as can be seen from the examples given below.
Entities |
Space |
---|---|
Departments |
Office building |
Departments |
Factory floor |
Departments |
Hospital |
Interdependent plants |
Geographical market |
Indicators and controls |
Control panel |
Components |
Electronic boards |
Keys |
Typewriter keyboard |
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