Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Zero-sum

  • Saul I. Gass
  • Carl M. Harris
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_1136

A competitive or economic situation is termed zero-sum when the total amount of money or comparable measure that is gained by some participants is exactly equal to the total amount of the measure that is lost by the remaining participants. The term is specifically associated with a game in which the sum of the payoffs lost or gained by the players is fixed.  Game theory.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saul I. Gass
    • 1
  • Carl M. Harris
    • 2
  1. 1.Robert H. Smith School of BusinessUniversity of MarylandCollege PartUSA
  2. 2.School of Information Technology & EngineeringGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA