Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxviii
  2. Biology and Biotechnology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Michael A. Held, Nan Jiang, Debarati Basu, Allan M. Showalter, Ahmed Faik
      Pages 3-54
    3. David S. Domozych
      Pages 55-79
    4. Swati Misra, Varsha Sharma, Ashok Kumar Srivastava
      Pages 81-108
    5. Ladislava Mišurcová, Jana Orsavová, Jarmila Vávra Ambrožová
      Pages 109-144
    6. Laura Klavina
      Pages 145-160
    7. Rao Beedu Sashidhar, D. Raju, Rasineni Karuna
      Pages 185-217
    8. Surinder P. Chawla, Sweetie R. Kanatt, A. K. Sharma
      Pages 219-246
    9. André Sá Couto, Paulo Salústio, Helena Cabral-Marques
      Pages 247-288
    10. Holger Wondraczek, Thomas Heinze
      Pages 289-328
    11. Maria V. Busi, Diego F. Gomez-Casati, Mariana Martín, Julieta Barchiesi, Mauricio J. Grisolía, Nicolás Hedín et al.
      Pages 329-376
    12. Carla Maísa Camelini, Márcio José Rossi, Francielle T. G. S. Cardozo, A. Gomes, Ceci Sales-Campos, Admir J. Giachini
      Pages 377-416
    13. Alain Dufresne
      Pages 417-449
    14. Óscar J. Sánchez, Sandra Montoya, Liliana M. Vargas
      Pages 451-473
    15. Michele Michelin, Héctor A. Ruiz, Daniel P. Silva, Denise S. Ruzene, José A. Teixeira, Maria Lourdes T. M. Polizeli
      Pages 475-511
    16. Sirlene M. Costa, André Aguiar, Sandra M. Luz, Adalberto Pessoa, Silgia A. Costa
      Pages 513-533
    17. Waleed Ahmad Khattak, Mazhar Ul-Islam, Muhammad Wajid Ullah, Shaukat Khan, Joong Kon Park
      Pages 535-579
    18. Venkatachalam Ponnusami, Varadarajan Gunasekar
      Pages 581-596

About this book

Introduction

This authoritative reference work presents comprehensive information about one of the most important and most wide-spread classes of (bio)organic compounds: the polysaccharides. The comprehensive and thoroughly up-to-date handbook presents the sources, identification, analysis, biosynthesis, biotechnology and applications of important polysaccharides likes starches, cellulose, chitin, gum and microbial polysaccharides. Polysaccharides can exhibit complex structure and various functional activities. These bio macromolecules can therefore serve as raw materials for various different materials, e.g. rayon, cellulose acetate, celluloid and nitrocellulose; and they find multiple applications, for instance as surgical threads (chitin), as sources of energy, dietary fibers, as blood flow adjuvants, in cosmetics, emulsion stabilizers, film formers, binders, viscosity increasing agents or skin conditioning agenta, as food additives in gums, chewing gum bases and as vaccines. Polysaccharides form the basis for useful products, like xanthan gum, dextran, welan gum, gellan gum, diutan gum and pullulan. Some of the polysaccharide-derived products have interesting and useful properties and show biological activities, such as immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anti-mutagenic, radioprotective, anti-oxidative, anti-ulcer, antidepressant, anti-septicaemic or anti-inflammatory activities. All these applications and properties of polysaccharides are for the first time compiled in a thorough and comprehensive overview in the present work. This reference work is organized thematically in four parts: Part I. Polysaccharides: Occurrence, Structure, Distribution and Biotechnology. Part II. Methods. Part  III. Bioactive Polysaccharides. Part IV. Polysaccharides as Food. This reference work is edited by experienced experts, all chapters are written by well recognized international specialists. It is useful to all those working in the field of botany, phytochemistry, pharmacy, drug delivery, molecular biology, metabolomics, forestry, environment, conservation, biotechnology and NGOs working for forest protection.

Keywords

Biological Activities of Polysaccharides Chewing Gum Basis In Vitro Fermentation Polysaccharide Structure Polysaccharide-based Materials Polysaccharides Polysaccharides from Natural Resources Starch, Cellulose, Chitin

Editors and affiliations

  • Kishan Gopal Ramawat
    • 1
  • Jean-Michel Mérillon
    • 2
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentM.L.Sukhadia UniversityUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Groupe d’Etude des Substances Végétales à Activité BiologiqueUniversité de Bordeaux, Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du VinVillenave d'OrnonFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16298-0
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-16297-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-16298-0
  • About this book
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