Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Introduction

The problems related to the process of industrialisation such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions, especially but not only in developing countries, intensify. Therefore, there is an increasing need to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda officially came into force. These goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection.   

The Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. It encompasses 17 volumes, each devoted to one of the 17 SDGs. This volume addresses SDG 5, namely "Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls" and contains the description of a range of terms, which allow a better understanding and foster knowledget. This SDG is considered by many as a pivotal goal since the significant role of women in achieving sustainable development has always been acknowledged in several official UN declarations. Yet gender disparity is still rampant under various guises in various countries. Women’s rights need to be strongly safeguarded through legislation to ensure equal opportunities. 

Concretely, the defined targets are:

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
  • Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
  • Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
  • Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
  • Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
  • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
  • Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws 
  • Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
  • Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels


Editors and affiliations

  • Walter Leal Filho
    • 1
  • Anabela Marisa Azul
    • 2
  • Luciana Brandli
    • 3
  • Pinar Gökcin Özuyar
    • 4
  • Tony Wall
    • 5
  1. 1.European School of SustainabilityHamburg University of Applied SciencesHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Center for Neuroscience & Cell BiologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering and ArchitecturePasso Fundo University Faculty of Engineering and ArchitecturePasso FundoBrazil
  4. 4.Istinye UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.International Centre for ThrivingUniversity of ChesterChesterUK

Bibliographic information

  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-70060-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2523-7403
  • Series Online ISSN 2523-7411
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Number Of Entries 29
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Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)