Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Ofelia García, Angel M. Y. Lin
    Pages 1-20
  3. General Foundations of Bilingual and Multilingual Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Nelson Flores, Jeff Bale
      Pages 23-34
    3. Munene Mwaniki, M. Beatriz Arias, Terrence G. Wiley
      Pages 35-49
    4. Tove Skutnabb-Kangas
      Pages 51-63
    5. Wayne E. Wright, Colin Baker
      Pages 65-79
  4. Language, Literacy, and Identity in Bilingual and Multilingual Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 101-101
    2. Ofelia García, Angel M. Y. Lin
      Pages 117-130
    3. Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta
      Pages 131-145
    4. Gladys Tang
      Pages 191-203
  5. Bilingual and Multilingual Education in Asia and the Middle East

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 205-205
    2. Miguel Pérez-Milans
      Pages 207-218
    3. Xuesong Andy Gao, Weihong Wang
      Pages 219-231
    4. Ahmar Mahboob, Rashi Jain
      Pages 233-246
    5. Ruanni Tupas, Isabel Pefianco Martin
      Pages 247-258
    6. Stephen Bahry, Sarfaroz Niyozov, Duishon Alievich Shamatov, Elise Ahn, Juldyz Smagulova
      Pages 259-280
  6. Bilingual and Multilingual Education in Africa and the Pacific

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 295-295
    2. Grace Bunyi, Leila Schroeder
      Pages 311-328
    3. Richard Hill
      Pages 329-345
    4. Joseph Lo Bianco, Yvette Slaughter
      Pages 347-360
    5. Paul Geraghty
      Pages 361-378
  7. Bilingual and Multilingual Education in the Americas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 379-379
    2. Luis Enrique López, Inge Sichra
      Pages 381-394
    3. Rainer Enrique Hamel
      Pages 395-406
    4. Patricia Gándara, Kathy Escamilla
      Pages 439-452
    5. Joseph Dicks, Fred Genesee
      Pages 453-467
  8. Bilingual Education in Europe

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 469-469
    2. Christine Hélot, Marisa Cavalli
      Pages 471-488
    3. Sven Sierens, Piet Van Avermaet
      Pages 489-503
    4. F. Xavier Vila, David Lasagabaster, Fernando Ramallo
      Pages 505-517
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 519-529

About this book


In this third, fully revised edition, the 10 volume Encyclopedia of Language and Education offers the newest developments, including an entirely new volume of research and scholarly content, essential to the field of language teaching and learning in the age of globalization. In the selection of topics and contributors, the Encyclopedia reflects the depth of disciplinary knowledge, breadth of interdisciplinary perspective, and diversity of socio-geographic experience in the language and education field. Throughout, there is an inclusion of contributions from non-English speaking and non-western parts of the world, providing truly global coverage. Furthermore, the authors have sought to integrate these voices fully into the whole, rather than as special cases or international perspectives in separate sections. The Encyclopedia is a necessary reference set for every university and college library in the world that serves a faculty or school of education, as well as being highly relevant to the fields of applied and socio-linguistics. The publication of this work charts the further deepening and broadening of the field of language and education since the publication of the first edition of the Encyclopedia in 1997 and the second edition in 2008.


Bilingual and Multilingual Education English Language Teaching and Learning English as a Second or Foreign Language Language Education Research Language Policy

Editors and affiliations

  • Ofelia García
    • 1
  • Angel M. Y.  Lin
    • 2
  • Stephen May
    • 3
  1. 1.The Graduate CenterThe City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationThe University of Hong KongPokfulam RoadHong Kong
  3. 3.Faculty of Education and Social WorkThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

Bibliographic information