Cloning MicroRNAs From Mammalian Tissues

  • Michael Z. Michael
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 342)


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ubiquitous regulators of gene expression in plants and ani-mals. Their distinctive structure, as very short RNAs with a 5′-phosphate and 3′-hydroxyl group, has enabled the development of protocols to clone miRNAs. After enrichment of these small molecules by size, serial ligation of adapter oligonucleotides to each terminus allows amplification using reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Plasmid cloning of multiple miRNA sequences and subsequent DNA sequence analysis enable both bioinformatic characterization of the various miRNAs and experimental vali-dation of their accumulation in cells.

Key Words

MicroRNA RNA cDNA cloning gene expression development Northern blot analysis 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Z. Michael
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterology and HepatologyFlinders Medical Center, Flinders University School of MedicineBedford ParkAustralia

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