Catharanthus roseus Shoot Cultures for the Production of Monoterpenoid Indole Alkaloids
A protocol for the establishment of in vitro shoot cultures of Catharanthus roseus is described. Shoots can be maintained for more than 1 yr without evidence of tissue vitrification, disaggregation, or callus formation. Vindoline was the main alkaloid accumulated, reaching values similar to those found in leaves from field-grown plants, after a long period of culture. An induction methodology to reduce such waiting time is also presented.
Key WordsCatharanthus roseus elicitation in vitro shoot culture methyl jasmonate monoterpenoid indole alkaloids
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