Genome Breeding of an Amino Acid-Producing Corynebacterium glutamicum Mutant

  • Masato Ikeda
  • Junko Ohnishi
  • Satoshi Mitsuhashi
Part of the Methods in Biotechnology book series (MIBT, volume 18)

Abstract

The classical strain breeding method based on random mutation and selection cannot avoid introducing detrimental or unnecessary mutations into the genome. A methodology that overcomes the limitations of the classical method is “genome breeding.” In this approach, biotechno-logically useful mutations identified through the genome analysis of classical mutants are systematically introduced into the wild-type genome in a pinpointed manner, thus allowing creation of a defined mutant that carries only useful mutations. This methodology was applied to generate an efficient L-lysine-producing mutant of Corynebacterium glutamicum. Introduction of the Val-59<-Ala mutation in the homoserine dehydrogenase gene and the Thr-311<-Ile mutation in the aspartokinase gene into the wild-type strain by allelic replacement resulted in accumulation of 8 and 55 g/L of L-lysine, respectively. The two mutations were then reconstituted on the wild-type genome, which led to a synergistic effect on production and accumulation of 75 g/L of L-lysine in a relatively short period of cultivation. The procedure and the impact of this methodology are described.

Key Words

Genome breeding Corynebacterium glutamicum amino acid production L-lysine homoserine dehydrogenase aspartokinase 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masato Ikeda
    • 1
  • Junko Ohnishi
    • 2
  • Satoshi Mitsuhashi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of AgricultureShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Research LaboratoriesKyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan

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