Gene Expression Analysis in Cartilage by In Situ Hybridization

  • Frédéric Mallein-Gerin
  • Jérôme Gouttenoire
Part of the Methods in Molecular Medicine™ book series (MIMM, volume 100)


In situ hybridization allows detection and localization of specific nucleic acid sequences directly within a cell or tissue. We present an in situ hybridization protocol using double-stranded DNA or single-stranded RNA probes labeled with [32P] to localize and visualize the temporal and spatial distribution of cartilage-characteristic mRNAs. Probes labeled with this high-energy isotope provide good resolution at the tissue level with relatively low background; as a result of the probes that can be obtained that have a higher specificity to emulsion activity, very short exposure times are required.

Key Words

In situ hybridization gene cartilage chondrocyte mRNA 


  1. 1.
    Mallein-Gerin, F., Ruggiero, F., and Garrone, R. (1990) Proteoglycan core protein and type II collagen gene expressions are not correlated with cell shape changes during low density chondrocyte cultures. Differentiation 43, 204–211.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Mallein-Gerin, F., Kosher, R. A., Upholt, W. B., and Tanzer, M. L. (1988) Temporal and spatial analysis of cartilage proteoglycan core protein gene expression during limb development by in situ hybridization. Dev. Biol. 126, 337–345.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frédéric Mallein-Gerin
    • 1
  • Jérôme Gouttenoire
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biology and Engineering of Cartilage, CNRS UMR 5086Institut de Biologie et Chimie des ProtéinesLyonFrance

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