Transformation of Rice via PEG-Mediated DNA Uptake into Protoplasts

  • Karabi Datta
  • Swapan K. Datta
Part of the Methods In Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 111)


For stable transformation of cereals through PEG-mediated DNA uptake into protoplasts, the two most critical requisites are the ability to isolate and culture protoplasts in large numbers, and the development of an efficient and reliable system for routine plant regeneration from protoplasts (1, 2, 3). Based on early success with mesophyll protoplasts of some dicotyledonous species, extensive efforts were made to induce sustained division in protoplasts isolated from leaves or young shoots of different cereal plants. However, there is still no convincing evidence of sustained divisions in protoplasts isolated from leaves or shoots of any cereal In contrast, protoplasts isolated from embryogenic suspension cultures could be induced to divide in culture (4). Obtaining a fast-growing and highly embryogenic suspension culture is the most important factor for cereal plant regeneration from protoplasts (4, 5, 6, 7, 8). Microspore cultures, and immature or mature embryos may be used to obtain embryogenic calh which can eventually be used to establish embryogenic cell suspensions ECS (2,7).


Nurse Cell Microspore Culture Selectable Marker Gene Protoplast Isolation Embryogenic Cell Suspension 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karabi Datta
    • 1
  • Swapan K. Datta
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry DivisionIRRIManilaThe Philippines

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