Detection and Selection of Lentiviral Vector-Transduced Cells

  • Yan Cui
  • Lung-Ji Chang
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 229)


Lentiviruses are members of a subgroup of enveloped Retroviridae. Lentivirus-based gene delivery vectors have gained popularity in gene therapy field because of their notable potentials in delivering and integrating transgenes into both mitotic active and inactive cells in vitro and in vivo, a characteristic that overcomes many of the barriers of therapeutic gene therapy application. In the past few years, different lentiviral vector systems have been developed based on primate and nonprimate lentiviruses, including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV), and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) (see refs. 1, 2, 3, 4). However, HIV-1-based lentiviral vector remains the best-studied and well-developed lentiviral vector system that has shown high transduction efficiencies targeting many human and experimental animal cell types, including stem cells (embryonic and adult) (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), terminally differentiated somatic cells (i.e., neurons) (7,11,12), muscles (7,13,14), skin (15), liver (13,16,17), islet (18,19), lung epithelium (20,21), retina (22,23), primary T lymphocytes (24,25), and fetal tissues (21,26) (Table 1).
Table 1

Relative Efficiencies of Transduction of Various Cell Lines and Primary Cells with VSV-G Pseudotyped Lentiviral Vectorsa


Cell type b

Relative efficiency (+ to ++++ c )

Cell lines





embryonic kidney cells



rhabdomyosarcoma cells



cervical adenocarcinoma



hepatoma cells



CF d bronchial epithelial cells



chronic myelogenous leukemia



myeloid leukemia cells



B cell lymphoma


EBV blasts

EBV transformed B lymphoma





renal cell carcinoma



colon carcinoma






pre-B lymphoma



proerythroblastic leukemia cells



immortalized immature DC



embryonic carcinoma


Primary cells





umbilical vein endothelial cells


CD34+ cells

hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells

++/+++ e


myeloid cells



immature dendritic cells


T cells


+++ f

B cells (other species)




mouse embryonic stem cells



rat neuronal cells


liver stem cells

rat oval cells



primary rat hepatocytes



rat retinal pigment epithelial cells



chicken eye rod cells


bone marrow

mouse BM mixed population



mouse hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells


a The results of primary cell transduction are only for reference comparison; they are based on in vivo or ex vivo culture transduced using HIV-1 vectors carrying different reporter genes. Therefore, the efficiency can vary markedly depending on the type of reporter gene and the infection condition. b If not specifi ed, the cell types are referring to human cells. c Relative efficiency is defi ned as: ++++ = >50% cells transduced at MOI of 1 to 5; +++ = >50% cells transduced at MOI of 5 to 10; ++ = >30% cells transduced at MOI of 10–20; and + = 1–20% cells transduced at MOI>20. d Cystic fibrosis. e Transduction effi ciency of cytokine-stimulated CD34+ stem cells (+++) is higher than that of unstimulated cells (++). f Both naive and activated human T lymphocytes can be transduced relatively easily with lentiviral vectors; the transgene expression level in naïve T cells, however, is very low and barely above background level.


Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Feline Immunodeficiency Virus TE671 Cell Equine Infectious Anemia Virus Nerve Growth Factor Receptor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Cui
    • 1
  • Lung-Ji Chang
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Gene Therapy Program, Stanley S. Scott Cancer Center, Department of MedicineLouisiana State University Health Sciences Center
  2. 2.Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Powell Gene Therapy CenterUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  3. 3.McKnight Brain InstituteUniversity of FloridaGainesville

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