Antibody Production and Immunocytochemical Localization of Amino Acid Transporters

  • David V. Pow
  • Robert Sullivan
  • Heather Scott
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 227)


This chapter details the procedural and conceptual issues that underpin the localization of high-affinity amino acid transporters by immunocytochemistry, with particular reference to the mammalian nervous system. Defining a role for transporters in any individual tissue often requires an understanding of the spatial distribution of a specific transport system. Techniques such as in situ hybridization provide clear evidence for the potential expression of a transporter by a specific cell type. In many cases however, properties such as targeting to basal or apical surfaces of, for instance, a transport epithelium or targeting to distinct plasmalemmal or cytoplasmic compartments in response to stimulation are most readily determined by the use of antibodies to detect such transporters, in intact tissues, isolated cells, or subcellular fractions of tissues. Methodologies for creating antibodies for the direct immunocytochemical localization of transporters are presented in this chapter. Issues that influence the applicability of methodologies such as postmortem delay, especially in human tissues, are also addressed.


Carrier Protein Glutamate Transporter Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin Peptide Conjugate Vibratome Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • David V. Pow
    • 1
  • Robert Sullivan
    • 1
  • Heather Scott
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, School of Molecular and Microbial SciencesUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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