Part of the Methods in Molecular Medicine™ book series (MIMM, volume 78)
A Relatively Pure Model of Stromal-Epithelial Interactions in Wound Healing
Wound healing is a complex cascade that varies depending on the organ being studied. However, many components of the response are similar in different organs. Stromal-epithelial interactions are critical to wound healing in tissues in which epithelium and stroma are conjoined. The cornea provides a relatively pure model of stromal-epithelial interactions since there are no blood vessels, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, or other structures involved in the response (Fig. 1). There are Langerhan’s cells distributed within the epithelium, and sensory nerve endings innervate the basal epithelium, but otherwise the system is pure. Another advantage of the cornea is unambiguous localization of epithelial and stromal (keratocyte) cells. This is convenient when monitoring the expression of mRNAs and proteins by these cells during the wound-healing response. The tissue is also tough and stands up well to cryofixation and cryosectioning. This facilitates the use of antibodies in immunocytochemistry that cannot be used with formalin-fixed tissues. Terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay to detect apoptosis can be performed on either cryofixed or formalin-fixed corneal sections. Finally, the cornea is amenable to a variety of manipulations, such as epithelial scrape, lamellar flap formation, microinjection of cytokines, exposure to toxic chemicals, and infection with microorganisms, that facilitate study of the wound-healing response. The most common animal models used in corneal wound-healing studies are the mouse and rabbit.
KeywordsFormaldehyde Cobalt Mold Polyethylene Retina
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© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2003