Cell Shape and Integrin Signaling Regulate the Differentiation State of Mammary Epithelial Cells

  • Aruna Somasiri
  • Calvin D. Roskelley
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 129)

Abstract

When they are cultured on a reconstituted basement membrane gel, mammary epithelial cells round-up, aggregate, form cell-cell junctions, and undergo an apical/basal polarization that ultimately produces a central lumen. The resulting three-dimensional ‘mammospheres’ closely resemble lactational alveoli in vivo and they fully differentiate when they are maintained in an appropriate mileau of lactogenic hormones. Specifically, the cells express milk protein genes, package the products in secretory vesicles, transport the vesicles to the apical cell surface, and release the products into the central lumen. Therefore, dynamic and reciprocal interactions between epithelial cells and the surrounding basement membrane are key regulators of phenotypic change in the developing mammary gland (1, 2, 3, 4).

Keywords

Formaldehyde Glycerol Glycine MeOH Nylon 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aruna Somasiri
    • 1
  • Calvin D. Roskelley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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