Embryonic Stem Cells as a Model to Study Cardiac, Skeletal Muscle, and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Differentiation

  • Anna M. Wobus
  • Kaomei Guan
  • Huang-Tian Yang
  • Kenneth R. Boheler
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 185)


Embryonic stem (ES) cells, the undifferentiated cells of early embryos are established as permanent lines (1,2) and are characterized by their self-renewal capacity and the ability to retain their developmental capacity in vivo (3) and in vitro (4, 5, 6). The pluripotent properties of ES cells are the basis of gene targeting technologies used to create mutant mouse strains with inactivated genes by homologous recombination (7).


Embryonic Stem Embryonic Stem Cell Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Embryonic Stem Cell Line 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna M. Wobus
    • 1
  • Kaomei Guan
    • 1
  • Huang-Tian Yang
    • 1
  • Kenneth R. Boheler
    • 1
  1. 1.In Vitro Differentiation GroupInstitute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant ResearchGaterslebenGermany

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