In Vitro Methylation of Predetermined Regions in Recombinant DNA Constructs

  • Ilse Van den Wyngaert
  • Roger L. P. Adams
  • Stefan U. Kass
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 181)

Abstract

DNA methylation at position 5 in the cytosine ring in the sequence CpG can be detrimental to the transcription of a variety of genes in higher eukaryotes (1,2). Although the significance of this transcriptional repression is currently under debate (3,4), there is little disagreement that it plays an important role in genomic imprinting and X-chromosome inactivation (5,6). To study the effects of DNA methylation on transcription in an experimental system, bacterial DNA methyltransferases have been used widely in order to mimic the DNA methylation pattern of eukaryotic genes. However, usually every target site in a given recombinant DNA molecule will be subject to DNA methylation by making use of those enzymes. This might result in an exaggeration of the effects of DNA methylation, as most recombinant DNA molecules contain a high degree of prokaryotic DNA, which is rich in CpGs. This methylated CpGrich DNA can contribute to the effects of DNA methylation by formation of a repressive chromatin structure (7,8). In addition, selective DNA methylation is required to distinguish the effects of DNA methylation on transcription initiation and transcript elongation (8,9). Thus, there is a requirement for a method to generate recombinant DNA molecules that are methylated in a predetermined region. The chapter following this one will describe a method that makes use of ligation of methylated DNA fragments into unmethylated vector DNA. This method relies on the availability of suitable restriction sites

Keywords

Vortex Phenol EDTA Agarose Chloroform 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilse Van den Wyngaert
    • 1
  • Roger L. P. Adams
    • 2
  • Stefan U. Kass
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genomic TechnologiesJanssen Research FoundationBeerseBelgium
  2. 2.IBLS, University of GlasgowScotland, UK

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