Global Surveillance for Meningococcal Disease

  • Nancy E. Rosenstein
Part of the Methods in Molecular Medicine™ book series (MIMM, volume 67)


The word “surveillance” probably first referred to close supervision of individuals exposed to an infectious disease and their close contacts (1). Currently, though, surveillance refers more frequently to the ongoing accumulation of data so that it can be used for decision-making. A surveillance system includes collection, analysis, and dissemination of data. Surveillance can be used to evaluate trends in disease, to identify outbreaks, to test hypotheses, to evaluate existing programs, and to plan for new programs. Surveillance is the single most important tool for identifying infectious diseases that are emerging, are causing serious public health problems, or are diminishing in importance (2).


Surveillance System Case Definition Active Surveillance Meningococcal Disease Neisseria Meningitidis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy E. Rosenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Meningitis and Special Pathogens BranchNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlanta

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