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Regulatory Antioxidant Enzymes

  • C. E. Pippenger
  • Richard W. Browne
  • Donald Armstrong
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 108)

Abstract

Enzymes play an important role in the production of radicals and their metabolism. Techniques to measure pro-oxidant conditions that generate radicals and end-products are described in various chapters throughout this book. The major defense enzymes are superoxide dismutase (SOD), which converts the superoxide radical to hydrogen peroxide: (H2O2), catalase (CAT), selenium (SE)-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), and leukocytic myeloperoxidase, which degrade inorganic and lipid hydroperoxides formed by interaction with reactive oxygen species and glutathione-S-transferase (GST; which also has peroxidase activity, but is selenium-independent) (1). The activity of GSHPx is coupled to glutathione reductase (GSSG-R), which maintains reduced glutathione (GSH) levels (2). Enzyme activity can be decreased by negative feedback from excess substrate or from damage by oxidative modification (3).

Keywords

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Potassium Phosphate Buffer Lipid Hydroperoxide Triplicate Sample Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. E. Pippenger
    • 1
  • Richard W. Browne
    • 2
  • Donald Armstrong
    • 3
  1. 1.Cook Institute for Research and EducationButterworth Hospital and Michigan State University School of MedicineGrand Rapids
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Laboratory ScienceState University of New York at Buffalo
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Laboratory Science and PathologyState University of New York at Buffalo

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