Combined lmmunocytochemistry and PRINS DNA Synthesis for Simultaneous Detection of Phenotypic and Genomic Parameters in Cells

  • Ernst J. M. Speel
  • Diane Lawson
  • Frans C. S. Ramaekers
  • John R. Gosden
  • Anton H. N. Hopman
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 71)


Primed in situ (PRINS) labeling has become an alternative to in situ hybridization (ISH) for the localization of nucleic acid sequences in cell (1, 2, 3, 4) and tissue preparations (5; see also  Chapter 5). In the PRINS method, an unlabeled primer (restriction fragment, PCR product, or oligonucleotide) is annealed to its complementary target sequence in situ. The primer serves as an initiation site for in situ chain elongation using a thermostable DNA polymerase and labeled nucleotides, which can be detected directly by fluorescence microscopy, such as fluorochrome-labeled dNTPs, or indirectly using, e.g., biotin- or digoxigenin-dUTP and the application of fluorochrome-conjugated avidin or antibody molecules (3,6,7). The detection limit of the PRINS technique appears to be on the order of low-copy sequences (3,8).


Skim Milk Powder APase Activity Rubber Cement PRINS Reaction Complementary Target Sequence 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc, Totowa, NJ 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst J. M. Speel
    • 1
  • Diane Lawson
    • 2
  • Frans C. S. Ramaekers
    • 1
  • John R. Gosden
    • 2
  • Anton H. N. Hopman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Cell Biology and GeneticsUniversity of LimburgMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Medical Research Council, Human Genetics UnitWestern General Hospital EdinburghScotland

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