PCR Amplification and Cloning of Virtually Full-Length HIV-1 Provirus

  • Mika Salminen
Part of the Methods in Molecular Medicine™ book series (MIMM, volume 17)


Molecular analyses of HIV-1 variation, and its impact on the biological properties of the virus have by necessity been restricted by the scarcity of cloned proviruses. Only a handful of full-length clones exist (1), and of these, even a smaller fraction are infectious upon transfection into cell lines. Furthermore, the available infectious clones only represent subtypes B and D (1). The main reasons for the lack of infectious clones are related to the relatively low copy number of proviral DNA especially in primary cultures (8).


Microfuge Tube Infectious Clone Polymerase Chain Reaction Tube Triethylammonium Salt Disposable Glove 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mika Salminen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chronic Virus DiseasesNational Public Health InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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