Carboxymethylation of Cysteine Using Iodoacetamide/ Iodoacetic Acid
- 2.1k Downloads
If cysteine or cystine is identified in a protein it requires modification in order to be quantified. Thiol groups may be blocked by a variety of reagents including iodoacetic acid and iodoacetamide. Iodoacetate produces the S-carboxymethyl derivative of cysteine, effectively introducing new negative charges into the protein. Where such a charge difference is undesirable, iodoacetamide may be used to derivatize cysteine to S-carboxyamidomethylcysteine (on acid hydrolysis, as for amino acid analysis, this yields S-carboxymethylcysteine). The charge difference between these two derivatives has been utilized in a method to quantify the number of cysteine residues in a protein (, see Chapter 89).