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The Role of Cell Adhesion Molecules in Neurite Growth

  • Daren Ure
  • Ann Acheson
Part of the Neuromethods book series (NM, volume 23)

Abstract

Stereotyped patterns of axonal growth and axon-axon bundling leading to tract formation are common features of nervous system development in organisms as diverse as grasshoppers and humans. In grasshoppers, axons growing from individual, identified neurons follow stereotyped pathways, making turns at choice points, which suggests that the pathways bear specific guidance cues (Goodman et al, 1982; Raper et al., 1983a,Raper et al., 1983b). Such path-following by growth cones has been hypothesized to result from an adhesive preference for molecules on the surfaces of “guidepost” cells strategically placed along the way, or for recognition molecules on other axons. These guidepost cells and previously laid down axons together are thought to create labeled pathways (Goodman et al., 1982; Raper et al., 1983a,Raper et al., 1983b,Raper et al., 1983c; Raper et al., 1984) that guide subsequent neurite growth. Labels that create adhesive preferences could be specific molecules on glial cells or axons, or could be components of the extracellular matrix. The adhesive preferences of growth cones for a given axonal or glial surface seem to be absolute rather than hierarchical, and specific guidance cues are required for both axon initiation and continued axon extension (Bastiani and Goodman, 1986; Bastiani et al., 1986; du Lac et al., 1986).

Keywords

Schwann Cell Neurite Growth Growth Cone Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule Culture Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. Totowa, New Jersey 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daren Ure
    • 1
  • Ann Acheson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc.Tarrytown

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