Molecular Cytogenetics (FISH and Fluorochrome Banding): Resolving Species Relationships and Genome Organization

  • Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev
  • Fatima Pustahija
  • Vedrana Vicic
  • Odile Robin
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1115)


Fluorochrome banding (chromomycin, Hoechst, and DAPI) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are excellent molecular cytogenetic tools providing various possibilities in the study of chromosomal evolution and genome organization. The constitutive heterochromatin and rRNA genes are the most widely used FISH markers. The rDNA is organized into two distinct gene families (18S-5.8S-26S and 5S) whose number and location vary within the complex of closely related species. Therefore, they are widely used as chromosomal landmarks to provide valuable evidence concerning genome evolution at chromosomal levels.

Key words

Chromomycin Crepis DAPI Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Fluorochrome banding Hoechst Pinus rRNA genes 


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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev
    • 1
  • Fatima Pustahija
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vedrana Vicic
    • 3
  • Odile Robin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory Ecology, Systematic and Evolution, UMR 8079, CNRS-UPS-AgroParisTechUniversity Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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