High-Throughput Flow Cytometry Bead-Based Multiplex Assay for Identification of Rho GTPase Inhibitors
Rho family GTPases and their effector proteins regulate a wide range of cell signaling pathways. In normal physiological conditions, their activity is tightly controlled and it is not surprising that their aberrant activation contributes to tumorigenesis or other diseases. For this reason, the identification of small, cell permeable molecules capable of inhibition of Rho GTPases can be extraordinarily useful, particularly if they are specific and act reversibly.
Herein, we describe a flow cytometric assay, which allows us to measure the activity of six small GTPases simultaneously. GST-tagged small GTPases are bound to six glutathione bead sets each set having a different intensity of red fluorescence at a fixed wavelength. The coated bead sets were washed, combined, and dispensed into 384-well plates with test compounds, and fluorescent-GTP binding was used as the read-out.
This multiplex bead-based assay was successfully used for to identify both general and selective inhibitors of Rho family GTPases.
Key wordsRho GTPases Cdc42 Bead-based multiplex assay Fluorescent GTP binding Screen Flow cytometry
This work was supported by NIH grants U54 MH074425 and U54 MH084690.
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