AFM to Study Bio/Nonbio Interactions

  • Holger SchönherrEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 811)


This chapter describes a versatile approach to immobilize proteins and other biomolecules on reactive self-assembled monolayers on gold as a means to study interactions (forces) between these biomolecules and nonbiological entities. Biomolecules are either immobilized on the surface of flat substrates or on the surface of gold-coated atomic force microscopy (AFM) probe tips. In addition to the immobilization protocols, the actual AFM experiments in liquid and the quantitative analysis of adhesive forces receive attention. With these procedures and tools at hand, a wide variety of problems in the area of bio/nonbio interactions can be addressed experimentally.

Key words

Atomic force microscopy Chemical force microscopy (CFM) Tip modification Tip-sample forces Bio/nonbio interactions Self-assembled monolayers 



The author gratefully acknowledges Dr. A.T.A. Jenkins and Prof. Dr. Q. Huang for granting their kind permission to use unpublished collaborative data in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry IUniversity of SiegenSiegenGermany

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