Functional Surface Attachment in a Sandwich Geometry of GFP-Labeled Motor Proteins

  • Volker Bormuth
  • Felix Zörgibel
  • Erik SchäfferEmail author
  • Jonathon Howard
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 778)


Molecular motors perform work in cells by moving in an ATP-dependent manner along filamentous tracks. In vitro, the mechanical action of such motor proteins can be investigated by attaching the molecules to surfaces in the so-called gliding or bead assays. Surface attachment protocols have to be used that do not interfere with the function of the molecule. Here, we describe a sandwich protocol that preserves functionality. The protocol can be used for a large variety of proteins, in particular kinesin motor proteins that are GFP-tagged.

Key words

Motor protein Surface attachment Kinesin Kip3p Gliding assay Bead assay 



The authors acknowledge the input of members of the Howard, Schäffer, and Diez labs in the development of these protocols.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Bormuth
    • 1
  • Felix Zörgibel
    • 2
  • Erik Schäffer
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jonathon Howard
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and GeneticsDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Materials Science, TU-DresdenMax Bergmann Center of BiomaterialsDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Nanomechanics Group, Biotechnology Center, TU-DresdenDresdenGermany

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