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Molecular Assays to Investigate Chromatin Changes During DNA Double-Strand Break Repair in Yeast

  • Scott Houghtaling
  • Toyoko Tsukuda
  • Mary Ann OsleyEmail author
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 745)

Abstract

Multiple types of DNA damage, including bulky adducts, DNA single-strand breaks, and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), have deleterious effects on the genomes of eukaryotes. DSBs form normally during a variety of biological processes, such as V–D–J recombination and yeast mating type switching, but unprogrammed DSBs are among the most dangerous types of lesion because if left unrepaired they can lead to loss of genetic material or chromosomal rearrangements. The presence of DSBs leads to a DNA damage response involving activation of cell cycle checkpoints, recruitment of repair proteins, and chromatin remodeling. Because many of the proteins that mediate these processes are evolutionarily conserved, the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been used as a model organism to investigate the factors involved in the response to DSBs. Recent research on DSB repair has focused on the barrier that chromatin represents to the repair process. In this article, we describe molecular techniques available to analyze chromatin architecture near a defined DSB in budding yeast. These techniques may be of value to experimentalists who are investigating the role of a novel protein in DSB repair specifically in the context of chromatin.

Key words

DNA double-strand break repair yeast chromatin nucleosome remodeling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported by grants NIH CA118357 to M.A.O. and NIH F32 CA125955 to S.H.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Houghtaling
    • 1
  • Toyoko Tsukuda
    • 1
  • Mary Ann Osley
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Genetics and MicrobiologyUniversity of New Mexico School of MedicineAlbuquerqueUSA

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