Identification and Assay of Allosteric Regulators of S-Adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase
Polyamine biosynthesis is extensively regulated in cells by multiple mechanisms, including regulation of enzyme activity posttranslationally. The identified regulatory factors include both small molecules and regulatory proteins, and the mechanisms vary in different species across the evolutionary tree. Based on this diversity of mechanism, it is likely that regulatory factors of the pathway remain unidentified in many species. This article focuses on methods for identifying novel regulatory factors of polyamine biosynthesis as illustrated by the discovery of a novel protein activator of the key biosynthetic enzyme S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in the protozoan trypanosomatid parasites.
Key wordsTrypanosoma Prozyme Polyamines Spermidine Putrescine Ornithine decarboxylase S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase
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