Small Molecule Selectivity and Specificity Profiling Using Functional Protein Microarrays
Small molecules interact with proteins to perturb their functions, a property that has been exploited both for research applications and to produce therapeutic agents for disease treatment. Commonly utilized approaches for identifying the target proteins for a small molecule have limitations in terms of throughput and resource consumption and lack a mechanism to broadly assess the selectivity profile of the small molecule. Here we describe how protein microarray technology can be applied to the study of small molecule-protein interactions using tritiated small molecules. Protein arrays comprising thousands of full-length functional proteins facilitate target identification for those small molecules discovered in cell-based phenotypic assays and both target validation and off-target binding assessment for compounds discovered in target-based screens. The assays are highly reproducible, sensitive, and scalable, and provide an enabling technology for small molecule selectivity profiling in the context of drug development.
Key wordsProtein-small molecule interaction Small molecule Protein microarray Off target effect Selectivity profiling Specificity profiling
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