Modeling Longitudinal Data, I: Principles of Multivariate Analysis

  • Pietro RavaniEmail author
  • Brendan Barrett
  • Patrick Parfrey
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 473)


Statistical models are used to study the relationship between exposure and disease while accounting for the potential role of other factors' impact on outcomes. This adjustment is useful to obtain unbiased estimates of true effects or to predict future outcomes. Statistical models include a systematic component and an error component. The systematic component explains the variability of the response variable as a function of the predictors and is summarized in the effect estimates (model coefficients). The error element of the model represents the variability in the data unexplained by the model and is used to build measures of precision around the point estimates (confidence intervals).

Key words

Statistical models regression methods multivariable analysis effect estimates estimate precision confounding interaction 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pietro Ravani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Brendan Barrett
    • 2
  • Patrick Parfrey
    • 2
  1. 1.Divisione di NeprologiaAzienda InstitutiCremonaItaly
  2. 2.Department of MedicineMemorial University of NewfoundlandCanada

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