Microarrays pp 37-57 | Cite as

Current Microarray Surface Chemistries

  • David W. Grainger
  • Charles H. Greef
  • Ping Gong
  • Michael J. Lochhead
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 381)


In almost all microarray technologies that are currently used, some type of surface chemistry serves as the interface between immobilized biomolecules and the solid support. Factors such as probe loading, spot morphology, and signal-to-noise ratio are all intimately linked to surface chemistry. Surface chemistry also significantly impacts important performance parameters such as three-dimensional structure of the immobilized biomolecules and nonspecific assay backgrounds. Here, an overview of the major types of surface chemistries currently used in printed microarrays is provided, with an emphasis on standard glass slide formats. The first part of this chapter focuses on DNA array surface chemistries, including both commercially fabricated and custom-made arrays. The second part of the chapter focuses on emerging protein, peptide, and carbohydrate array techniques. The intent is to provide the molecular biology researcher and bioanalytical or diagnostic specialist with a guide to the surface chemistry state-of-the-art for established and emerging array technologies.

Key Words

Bioassay carbohydrate array diagnostics DNA array glass slide hydrogel microarray nonspecific binding peptide array polymer coating protein array silane surface chemistry surface immobilization 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Grainger
    • 1
  • Charles H. Greef
    • 2
  • Ping Gong
    • 3
  • Michael J. Lochhead
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical ChemistryUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Accelr8 Technology CorporationDenver
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringPolytechnic UniversityBrooklyn

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