Design and Fabrication of Spotted Long Oligonucleotide Microarrays for Gene Expression Analysis
DNA microarray technology has advanced rapidly since the first use of cDNA microarrays almost a decade ago. For gene expression studies on organisms, for which the genomes have been sequenced, cDNA microarrays are being gradually replaced by gene-specific oligonucleotide microarrays. Although, cDNA microarrays give higher signal intensity than oligonucleotide microarrays, they cannot be used for the measurement of gene-specific expression, whereas, oligonucleotide microarrays can. To obtain both a high signal intensity and specificity in gene expression measurements, gene-specific oligonucleotide probes as long as 150-mers, designed using sequence databases and algorithms to identify unique sequences of genes, are used as microarray probes. In order to achieve a high signal intensity, specificity, and accurate measurement of expression, in addition to the length and sequence of the probes, it is necessary to optimize other parameters such as the surface chemistry of the microarray slides, the addition of spacers and linkers to the probes, and the composition of the hybridization solution.
Key WordsGene-specific microarray gene expression microarray probe oligonucleotide microarray probe design probe optimization
- 18.Schuler, G. D. (1997) Sequence mapping by electronic PCR. Genome Res. 7, 541–550.Google Scholar