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Introduction

Array Technology—An Overview
  • Hartmut Seliger
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 381)

Abstract

Microarray technology has its roots in high-throughput parallel synthesis of biomacromolecules, combined with combinatorial science. In principle, the preparation of arrays can be performed either by in situ synthesis of biomacromolecules on solid substrates or by spotting of ex situ synthesized biomacromolecules onto the substrate surface. The application of microarrays includes spatial addressing with target (macro) molecules and screening for interactions between immobilized probe and target. The screening is simplified by the microarray format, which features a known structure of every immobilized library element. The area of nucleic acid arrays is best developed, because such arrays are allowed to follow the biosynthetic pathway from genes to proteins, and because nucleic acid hybridization is a most straightforward screening tool. Applications to genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and glycomics are currently in the foreground of interest; in this postgenomic phase they are allowed to gain new insights into the molecular basis of cellular processes and the development of disease.

Key Words

Applications array technology cell and tissue arrays combinatorial science DNA arrays overview roots potential and problems preparation protein arrays saccharide arrays 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hartmut Seliger
    • 1
  1. 1.Arbeitsgruppe Chemische Funktionen in BiosystemenUniversitat UlmUlmGermany

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