In Vivo and In Vitro Assay for Monitoring the Topological Loading of Bacterial Condensins on DNA
Condensins play essential roles in the compaction and segregation of chromosomal DNA in life forms ranging from bacteria to higher organisms. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying these roles, it is crucial to determine how and where condensins are loaded to chromosomal DNA. Here, we describe in vivo and in vitro assays for monitoring the topological loading of two bacterial condensins, Smc-ScpAB and MukBEF. A key step in these assays is washing the samples with a high concentration of salt in order to discriminate between electrostatic and topological binding of the bacterial condensins to DNA. In addition, isolation of bacterial condensin and DNA complexes prevents any undesired interaction between them due to cross-linking reagents. These methodologies provide reproducible and reliable results for the loading of topologically bound proteins such as bacterial condensins.
Key wordsBacterial condensin Chromosome Smc-ScpAB MukBEF Topological loading rDNA
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grants JP18H02485 and JP18K14627.