Analysis of Spatial Assembly of GPCRs Using Photoactivatable Dyes and Localization Microscopy

  • Kim C. JonasEmail author
  • Aylin C. Hanyaloglu
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1947)


Super-resolution imaging has provided unprecedented insight in the molecular complexities of fundamental cell biological questions. For G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), its application to the study of receptor homomers and heteromers have unveiled the diversity of complexes these GPCRs can form at the plasma membrane at a structural and functional level. Here, we describe our methodological approach of photoactivated localization microscopy with photoactivatable dyes (PD-PALM) to visualize and quantify the spatial assembly of GPCR heteromers at the plasma membrane.

Key words

G protein-coupled receptor Dimer Oligomer Heteromer Homomer PD-PALM Super-resolution microscopy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research InstituteSt George’s University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of Medical and Biomedical EducationSt George’s University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Institute of Reproductive and Developmental BiologyImperial College LondonLondonUK

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