Myogenesis pp 17-24 | Cite as

Electrical Pulse Stimulation of Primary Human Skeletal Muscle Cells

  • Nataša NikolićEmail author
  • Vigdis Aas
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1889)


Electrical pulse stimulation (EPS) is an in vitro method of inducing contractions in cultured skeletal muscle cells of human and animal origin. Motor neuron activation of muscle fibers can be replaced by applying EPS on differentiated skeletal muscle cells (myotubes) in culture (Thelen et al. Biochemical J 321:845–848, 1997, Fujita et al. Exp Cell Res 313:1853–1865, 2007).

Here we describe two protocols for EPS of human myotubes in 6-well plates: acute, high-frequency (single bipolar pulses of 2 ms, 100 Hz for 200 ms every fifth second for 5–60 min, 10–30 V) and chronic, low-frequency (single bipolar pulses of 2 ms, 1 Hz 10–30 V for 48 h) at the end of a 7 days long differentiation.

Key words

Skeletal muscle Myotubes Contractions Electrical pulse stimulations 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, School of PharmacyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of Life Sciences and Health, Faculty of Health SciencesOslo Metropolitan UniversityOsloNorway

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