SNAREs pp 379-389 | Cite as

Studies of the Secretory Machinery Dynamics by Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence Microscopy in Bovine Adrenal Chromaffin Cells

  • José Villanueva
  • Yolanda Gimenez-Molina
  • Luis M. GutiérrezEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1860)


Cultured bovine chromaffin cells have been tested as a successful neuroendocrine model to study the secretory process. Changes in the dynamics of the secretory vesicles and the exocytotic machinery microdomains could be studied in control and stimulated conditions using appropriate molecular tools such as fluorescent SNARE protein expression or fluorochrome vesicular labeling in these neuroendocrine cells. Since most of these changes occur in or near the plasma membrane, the use of the total internal reflection fluorescent microscopy (TIRFM) and the implement of particle motion analysis could be essential tools to study the structural and dynamic changes of secretory machinery related with its function in this exocytotic cell model.

Key words

TIRFM Evanescent field Exocytotic events SNARE proteins MSD Diffusion coefficient Chromaffin granules Chromaffin cells 



This study was supported by grants from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (BFU2015-63684-P, MINECO, FEDER, UE) to LMG.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Villanueva
    • 1
  • Yolanda Gimenez-Molina
    • 1
  • Luis M. Gutiérrez
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de NeurocienciasCentro Mixto CSIC-Universidad Miguel HernándezSant Joan d′AlacantSpain

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