Application of Pathological Staging in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

  • Alfred K. LamEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1756)


Staging is one of the most important factors that determine the prognosis of the patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. The current staging protocol includes parameters—extent of tumor (T), lymph node status (N), presence of distant metastasis (M), and grade of the adenocarcinoma (G). In addition, different criteria are used in patients with and without neoadjuvant therapy. The silent aspects of the use of new staging protocol are discussed.

Key words

Esophageal adenocarcinoma Staging Pathological Neoadjuvant therapy Grade 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cancer Molecular Pathology of School of MedicineGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia

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