LC-MS Untargeted Protocol for the Analysis of Wine

  • Panagiotis Arapitsas
  • Fulvio Mattivi
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1738)


This chapter describes a protocol for the analysis of the metabolomic fingerprint of wine by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The straightforward, optimized sample preparation procedure is limited to a single-step dilution with water or acetonitrile. The separation of wine analytes is carried out by two columns with orthogonal selectivity, including both reversed-phase (C18) and hydrophilic interaction (HILIC) chromatography, while the detection is assured by a high-resolution quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer operating in negative and positive electrospray ionization mode, in order to obtain four different chromatograms for each sample. This validated protocol, or parts of it, could be applied in several oenological topic experimental designs, including wine quality and wine authenticity.

Key words

Vitis vinifera Grape Food Holistic Metabolomics Mass spectrometry Liquid chromatography HILIC 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Quality and Nutrition, Research and Innovation CentreFondazione Edmund Mach (FEM)San Michele all’AdigeItaly
  2. 2.Center Agriculture Food EnvironmentUniversity of TrentoSan Michele all’AdigeItaly

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