Screening of c-di-GMP-Regulated Exopolysaccharides in Host Interacting Bacteria
Bacterial exopolysaccharides (EPS) often confer a survival advantage by protecting the cell against abiotic and biotic stresses, including host defensive factors. They are also main components of the extracellular matrix involved in cell–cell recognition, surface adhesion and biofilm formation. Biosynthesis of a growing number of EPS has been reported to be regulated by the ubiquitous second messenger c-di-GMP, which promotes the transition to a biofilm mode of growth in an intimate association with the eukaryotic host. Here we describe a strategy based on the combination of an approach to artificially increase the intracellular level of c-di-GMP in virtually any gram-negative bacteria with a high throughput screening (HTS) for the identification of monosaccharide composition and carbohydrate fingerprinting of novel EPS, or modified variants, that can be involved in host–bacteria interactions.
Key wordsExopolysaccharide c-di-GMP High Throughput Screening Carbohydrate Fingerprint Biofilm
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