Molecular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mMRI)

  • Maxime GaubertiEmail author
  • Antoine P. Fournier
  • Denis Vivien
  • Sara Martinez de Lizarrondo
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1718)


Molecular magnetic resonance imaging (mMRI) enables the detection of a protein of interest in vivo, in a noninvasive manner. The general concept of mMRI is to target a contrast agent to a protein of interest, and to perform a contrast-sensitive MRI sequence. Typically, contrast agents are made of a “contrastophore” (the part of the construct responsible for the contrast on the images) and a targeting moiety (“pharmacophore”). Recently, the development of a new family of contrastophore carrying a high payload of iron oxide (micro-sized particles of iron oxide, MPIO) has led to a dramatic increase in the sensitivity of mMRI. Here, we describe the production of targeted MPIO using commercially available reagents and the MRI protocols to allow their detection in vivo.

Key words

Molecular imaging Inflammation Vascular-cell adhesion molecule Intercellular adhesion molecule Selectins Leucocytes USPIO Microparticles Endothelial cells Endothelium Platelets 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxime Gauberti
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antoine P. Fournier
    • 1
  • Denis Vivien
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sara Martinez de Lizarrondo
    • 1
  1. 1.Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, INSERM, INSERM UMR-S U1237, PhIND, Physiopathology and Imaging of Neurological DisordersCyceronCaenFrance
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional RadiologyCHU CaenCaenFrance
  3. 3.Clinical Research DepartmentCHU CaenCaenFrance

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