Cardiac MRI in Small Animals

  • Min-Chi Ku
  • Till Huelnhagen
  • Thoralf Niendorf
  • Andreas PohlmannEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1718)


Cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of mice is a valuable tool for the precise in vivo diagnosis and prognosis of heart defects. This detailed protocol describes the method of cardiac MR imaging in mice step by step. A series of MR images captures the contractile function of the mouse heart and post-processing of the image data yields morphometric parameters (myocardial mass, myocardial wall thickness, ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic volume) as well as functional parameters (stroke volume and ejection fraction). This protocol may also serve as a starting point for MR imaging of rats, by using larger image dimensions (field-of-view) and MR hardware suitable for larger animals.

Key words

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) Mouse Heart Function 



The authors wish to thank Thomas Basse-Lüsebrink from Bruker Biospin MRI GmbH, Ettlingen, Germany, for providing the Ig-UTE image data.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min-Chi Ku
    • 1
  • Till Huelnhagen
    • 1
  • Thoralf Niendorf
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andreas Pohlmann
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Berlin Ultrahigh Field Facility (B.U.F.F.)Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research)BerlinGermany

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