In Vivo Heteronuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  • Blanca LizarbeEmail author
  • Antoine Cherix
  • Rolf Gruetter
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1718)


Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy is a technique that has the capability of measuring metabolites in vivo and, in appropriate conditions, to infer its metabolic rates. The success of MRS depends a lot on its sensitivity, which limits the usage of X-nuclei MRS. However, technological developments and refinements in methods have made in vivo heteronuclear MRS possible in humans and in small animals. This chapter provides detailed descriptions of the main procedures needed to perform successful in vivo heteronuclear MRS experiments, with a particular focus on experimental setup in 13C MRS experiments in rodents.

Key words

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy X-nuclei Surface coil Infusion Tracer 13C labeled glucose Mouse 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Blanca Lizarbe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antoine Cherix
    • 1
  • Rolf Gruetter
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory for Functional and Metabolic Imaging (LIFMET)École Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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