New Approach of Dye Removal in Textile Effluent: A Cost-Effective Management for Cleanup of Toxic Dyes in Textile Effluent by Water Hyacinth

  • Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram
  • Senthamil Selvan Perumal
  • Durgalakshmi Rajendran
  • Dhevash Samivel
  • Mohammad Navas Khan
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology book series (MIPT)

Abstract

Effluent from textile, paper, plastic, leather, and cosmetic industries are the major concern in the aspect of environmental toxicities. Many complex and aromatic dyes due to their incomplete degradation and accumulation exhibit toxic effects in aquatic life and human health. Currently, there are many dye degradation treatment plants that are being operated to reduce their toxicity but the major limitation is their cost. Therefore, in search of the most efficient and reliable method of removing pollutants, a non-conventional cost-effective biosorbent (water hyacinth) was used in this experiment. In this chapter, it is discussed about the removal of dyes from textile effluent by degrading the dyes using the cheapest method of utilizing a widely available water hyacinth plant. This plant was pretreated with phosphoric acid to increase the porosity. Three dyes (AR97, AB20, and AY19) were tested for their removal by water hyacinth. The batch adsorption experiment was carried out to determine equilibrium behavior. Effects of operating parameters like initial dye concentration, sorbent dosage, contact time, and temperature on the sorption efficiency were also studied. Adsorption isotherm models were also used to simulate the equilibrium data at different experimental parameters. Finally, it was concluded that water hyacinth exhibits maximum decolorization efficiency (nearly 99%), thus reducing the toxicity of textile dyes.

Key words

Toxicity reduction Textile effluent Dyes Biosorbent Water hyacinth Adsorption isotherm models Decolorization 

References

  1. 1.
    Crini G (2006) Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. Biores Tech 97(9):1061–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ETA D (Ecological and Toxological Association of the Dyestuffs Manufacturing Industry) (1984) Agricultural use of sludge contaminated with colorants. Ecological Sub-Committee Project:E3016Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clarke EA, Anliker R (1980) Organic dyes and pigments. Handbook of environmental chemistry, anthropogenic compounds. Springer, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mishra G, Tripathy M (1993) A critical review of the treatment for decolorization of textile effluent. Colourage 40:35–38Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Awomeso JA, Taiwo AM, Gbadebo AM et al (2010) Studies on the pollution of water body by textile industry effluents in Lagos, Nigeria. J Appl Sci Environ Sanit 5:353–359Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Choi JW, Song HK, Lee Wet al (2004) Reduction of COD and colour of acid and reactive dyestuff wastewater using ozone. Korean J Chem Eng 21:398.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fu Y, Viraraghavan T (2001) Fungal decolorization of wastewaters: a review. Biores Technol 79:251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    El-Sheekh MM, Gharieb MM, Abou-El-Souod GW (2009) Biodegradation of dyes by some green algae and cyanobacteria. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 63:699–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Trotmann ER (1984) Dyeing and chemical technology of textile fibres, 6th edn. Charles Griffin and Company Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Otterburn MS, Aga DA (1985) Fullers earth and fired clay as adsorbent for dyestuffs, equilibrium and rate constants. Water Air Soil Pollut 24:307–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gaudy ET, Jr AF (1972) Δ COD gets nod over BOD test. Ind Water Engg 9(5):30–34Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sawyer CN, McCarty PL (1967) Chemistry for sanitary engineers, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pipes WO, Zmuda JT (1997) Assessing the efficiency of wastewater treatment. In: Hurst CJ (ed) Manual of environmental microbiology. ASM, Washington, DC, pp 231–242Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Robinson T, Mcmullan G, Marchant R et al (2001) Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative. Biores Technol 77:247–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Choy KKH, McKay G, Porter JF (1999) Sorption of acid dyes from effluents using activated carbon. Res Conser Recycle 27:57–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sinha RK, Sinha R (2008) Environmental Biotechnology (Role of Plants, Microbes & Earthworms in Environmental Management & Sustainable Development) Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Aavishkar Publishers, DistributorsGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ingole NW, Bhole AG (2003) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes). J Water SRT – Aqua 52:119–128Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rajamohan N, Rajasimman M, Rajeshkannan R et al (2009) Equilibrium studies on sorption of an Anionic dye onto acid activated water hyacinth roots. Afr J Environ Sci Technol 3(11):339–404Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Aboul-Fetouh MS, Elmorsi TM, El-Kady JM et al (2010) Water hyacinth stems a potential natural adsorbent for the adsorption of acid green 20 dye. Envisci 5(4):257–266Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lagergren S (1898) Zurtheorie der sogenannten adsorption gelosterstoffe, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens. Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wibowo N, Setyadhi L, Wibowo D et al (2007) Adsorption of benzene and toluene from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon and its acid and heat treated forms: influence of surface chemistry on adsorption. J Hazardous Materials 146:237–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pauline M. Doran (1995) Bioprocess engineering principles. Elsevier Science and Technology BooksGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rajamohan N, Rajasimman M, Rajeshkannan R (2013) kinetic modeling and isotherm studies on A batch removal of acid red 114 by an Activated plant biomass. J Eng Sci and Technol 8(6):778–792Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    El-Khaiary MI, Gad FA, Mahmoud MS et al (2009) Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by chemically treated water hyacinth. Toxicological and Environ Chem 91:1079–1094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sumanjit SR, Mahajan RK (2012) Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic parameters for adsorptive removal of dye Basic Blue 9 by ground nut shells and Eichhornia. Arab J Chem. doi: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2012.03.013
  27. 27.
    Sanmuga Priya E, Senthamil Selvan P (2014) Water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes) – an efficient and economic adsorbent for textile effluent treatment – a review. Arab J Chem. doi: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.03.002
  28. 28.
    Villacanas F, Pereira MFR, Orfao JJM et al (2006) Adsorption of simple aromatic compounds on activated carbons. J colloid interface sci 293:128–136CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Somboon W, Bhavakul V (2012) Chemical modification of water hyacinth for the removal of dyestuffs. J Sci Technol 2 (1):1–5. Available online via TOJSATGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kaur S, Rani S, Mahajan RK (2013) Adsorption of dye crystal violet onto surface-modified Eichhornia crassipes. Desalin Water Treat 53:1–13. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2013.859104 Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kaur S, Rani S, Mahajan RK (2013) Adsorption kinetics for the removal of hazardous dye Congo red by biowaste materials as adsorbents. J Chem 2013:628582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Al-Degs Y, Khraisheh MAM, Allen SJ et al (2000) Effect of carbon surface chemistry on the removal of reactive dyes from textile effluent. Water Res 34:927–952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tien C (1994) Adsorption calculations and modeling. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Constantina M, Asmarandeia I, Harabagiua V et al (2013) Removal of anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by an ion-exchanger based on pullulan microspheres. Carbohyd Pol 91:74–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wanyonyi WC, Onyari JM, Shiundu PM (2014) Adsorption of congo red dye from aqueous solutions using roots of Eichhornia crassipes: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Ener Proc 50:862–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sriprang R, Murooka Y (2006) Accumulation & detoxification of metals by plants & microbes. In: Singh SN, Tripathi RD (eds) Environmental bioremediation technologies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 77–100Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Dushenkov V, Kumar PBAN, Motto R et al (1995) Rhizofiltration: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from aqueous streams. J Environ Sci Technol 29:1239–1245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dushenkov S, Mikheev A, Prokhnevsky A et al (1999) Phytoremediation of radio-cesium contaminated soil in the vicinity of chernobyl, Ukraine. Environ Sci Technol 33:469–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rong Zheng Chun, Cong Tu, Man Chen Huai (1998) Preliminary experiment on purification of eutrophic water with vetiver. Paper presented at Proc Int Vetiver Workshop, Fuzhou, China, 21–26 Oct 1997Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    UNEP (1991) A green revolution down at the sewer ponds. Our Planet 3(1):12-13. UNEP Pub, Nairobi, Kenya (Shane Cave)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tripathi BD, Shukla SC (1991) Biological treatment of wastewater by selected aquatic plants. J Environ Pollut 69:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram
    • 1
  • Senthamil Selvan Perumal
    • 1
  • Durgalakshmi Rajendran
    • 1
  • Dhevash Samivel
    • 1
  • Mohammad Navas Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University College of Engineering, Bharathidasan Institute of Technology campusAnna UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia

Personalised recommendations