Immunohistochemical Analysis of Urothelial Carcinoma Tissues for Proliferation and Differentiation Markers
Immunohistochemistry is a standard method in histopathology and enables the localized detection of proteins in histological tissue sections. Specific antibodies are bound to cellular antigens, captured by secondary antibodies or polymers, linked to enzymes and visualized by chromogenic substrates. Here, we describe an automated staining technique for larger slide batches as well as a manual protocol for only few slides using a polymer technique. We focus on differentiation markers, measures of cell proliferation, and therapeutic targets in benign and malignant urothelial tissues.
Key wordsImmunohistochemistry Polymer (Cyto)keratins Uroplakins Ki67
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