Fibrosis pp 123-137 | Cite as

Modeling Cardiac Fibrosis in Mice: (Myo)Fibroblast Phenotype After Ischemia

  • Daniela FraccarolloEmail author
  • Paolo Galuppo
  • Johann Bauersachs
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1627)


Cardiac (myo)fibroblasts play a key role in the regulation of wound healing and pathogenic remodeling after myocardial infarction. Impaired scar formation and alterations of the extracellular matrix network precipitate cardiac dysfunction leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic approaches addressing (myo)fibroblast phenotype appear to be useful in preventing progressive structural, electrical, and functional impairment and heart failure.

Permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery has proven to be a valuable experimental model to investigate the arrays of pathways/mechanisms involved in cardiac repair and extracellular matrix remodeling in ischemic heart failure. Here we describe the surgical procedure to occlude the left coronary artery in mice. Moreover, we present an accurate method to isolate (myo)fibroblasts from ischemic myocardium, with maintenance of the functional phenotype, using the specific marker for mouse cardiac fibroblasts mEF-SK4. The protocol can be completed within a few hours, and the isolated fibroblasts/myofibroblasts are suitable for downstream molecular biology applications, like gene expression profiling and cell culture.

Key words

Myocardial infarction Fibrosis Cardiac fibroblasts mEF-SK4 Fluorescence-activated cell sorting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniela Fraccarollo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paolo Galuppo
    • 1
  • Johann Bauersachs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology and AngiologyMedical School HannoverHannoverGermany

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