Multiplex Peptide Nucleic Acid Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (PNA-FISH) for Diagnosis of Bacterial Vaginosis

  • Antonio Machado
  • Nuno CercaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1616)


Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular method used to identify and quantify microorganisms in a wide range of samples. This technique combines the simplicity of microscopic observation and the specificity of DNA/rRNA hybridization, allowing detection of selected bacterial species and morphologic visualization. Here, we describe a quantitative molecular diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis, based on the classical Nugent score. Our probes are able to differentiate Lactobacillus spp. and Gardnerella vaginalis from the other undefined bacterial species considered in the Nugent score.

Key words

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Lactobacillus spp. Gardnerella vaginalis Vaginal samples Culture cell line Bacterial vaginosis 



Research on BV biofilms in NC laboratory is supported by funding from the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) strategic project of unit UID/BIO/04469/2013.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microbiology InstituteUniversidad San Francisco de QuitoQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.CEB—Centre of Biological Engineering, LIBRO—Laboratory of Research in Biofilms Rosário OliveiraUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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